Russell Hampton
National Awards Services Inc.
Bulletin Editor
Mary Jones
Jan 29, 2018
CNA Program & Youth Apprenticeships...Greeter: Shaheda Govani
Feb 05, 2018
Life in Germany ..Greeter: Karlene Grabner
Feb 12, 2018
Joining 2 & 4 Year UW Campuses....Greeter: Marjorie Griffing
Feb 19, 2018
New Tax Laws . . Greeter: Ralph Gunderson
Feb 26, 2018
Poverty & Homelessness in Oshkosh....Greeter:
Mar 05, 2018
Conflict/Communication. . Greeter:
Mar 12, 2018
View entire list
Meeting Information for Monday, January 29, 2018
Karlene Grabner will greet members and guests, give a reflection, and lead the Pledge of Allegiance.
Patti Andresen-Shew will present a program on the CNA Program & Youth Apprenticeships.
Prayer and Pledge for January 22, 2018
Shaheda Govani greeted members and guests and led the Club in a reflection and the Pledge of Allegiance.
Shaheda Govani
Sergeant-at-Arms Deb Wirtz shared that Monday was: 1) National Answer Your Cat's Questions day; 2) Better Business Communication Day; 3) Come in from the Cold Day; and 4) Community Manager's Appreciation Day. She introduced the day's guests, which included: Lorraine Yarbrough (Speaker); Savannah and Evelyn Rust (daughters of Michael Rust).
Michael with his daughters
Christy Marquardt announced that the raffle kitty stands at $105, with the drawing to take place next Monday.  Christy acted as President in President John Fuller's absence as he was visiting a brother in Florida. She noted that John's brother was in poor health and asked for prayers and good wishes for him.
RYE Student Michel said he continues to "have so many awesome things happen." He spent some time with a local student who will be a future exchange student in Italy, got a hair cut, and prepared a German dinner for his host family. He noted that he's "been here five months without getting sent back."
News You Can Use/Announcements
Souper Bowl -- Christy reminded members  that our Club's annual Souper Bowl drive is underway and will run through February 4.  Our goal is to gather 250 cans of soup to deliver to local food pantries. A prize will be offered to the member donating the most cans of soup.
Dave Sennholz with our soup collection thus far.
Philippine Update -- Dave Sennholz shared that he's recently heard from the Philippine tailoring school that our Club helped equip with various types of sewing machines and stitchers.  Their school year runs from June through March, and in March 2019, the first class of tailors will graduate (the course is a two-year program).  David is hoping to visit the Philippines at the time to congratulate the class on their graduation. Currently all class spots are filled.
Happy $$ for January 22, 2018
Bill Bracken -- announced that copies of the schedule of Learning in Retirement (LIR) classes was available on every table, along with free passes to one class. Bill is on the Board of LIR and encouraged everyone to keep their minds active by learning new things.
Cathy Zimmerman -- shared that she was in Chicago over the past weekend and observed the Women's March on Chicago in action.  (I missed all her comments, unfortunately.)
Michael Cooney -- offered thanks for having Bill Bracken as a Board member on his group.  Michael also shared that he's been shooting commercials recently and enjoying that work ... and he had a photo on the front page ("almost above the fold") of last week's Oshkosh Herald.
David Sennholz -- celebrated that his wife sent her first text over the weekend.
Christy Marquardt -- was happy for the great turnout for the opening of the ice skating rink in Riverside Park and noted that she's seen people skating there several times.
Program for January 22, 2018
Michael Cooney introduced Lorraine Yarbrough to present the day's program. She is the Director of the Day-by-Day Warming Shelter.
Lorraine Yarbrough
Lorraine explained that the Oshkosh shelter is am adults only shelter because they accept guests that could be using alcohol and/or drugs.  She noted that's also the reason the guests are housed in one open room ... noting that it's important that the Shelter Staff be able to observe all the guests all the time.
A recent study indicated the following numbers regarding homeless people in Oshkosh in 2017:
 •200 homeless adults
•15 homeless UW-O students (living in their cars or "couch cruising.")
•245 children and families who are homeless
A study of this year's guests thus far also showed that of the Shelter's guests:
•67% are White
•24% are Black
• 3% are American Indian
•26% are aged 50-59
•24% are aged 28-29
•23% are aged 30-39
•20% are aged 40-49
•81% are male
•19% are female
•3 couples have used the Shelter this winter
•They have turned away 74 individuals away this winter thus far.  The Shelter's Temporary Shelter Permit allows them to host only 25 guests per night.  If possible, people are referred to Father Carr's facility; however, guests must be sober to stay there.
Since 2011, the Shelter has served 731 unique individuals, provided 21,382 shelter nights, and served 43,223 meals.
Thus far in in this winter of 2017/2018, the Shelter has served 81 unique individuals, provided 1,853 shelter nights, and served 4,156 meals.
51 people have been assisted in gaining employment, and 98 individuals have been moved into housing.
Lorraine said that the Shelter works with Advocap to find economical housing for those who are able to find employment ... and the Shelter staff works extensively with guests to assist them in finding employment.
Medical services are also provided free of cost by local medical volunteers and free haircuts are also available on a regular basis.
Staff members are required to have 30 hours of training to work at the Shelter, and currently there are 11 UW-O students who are assisting at the Shelter. 350 volunteers have assisted at the Shelter so far this winter, providing meals, supervision, and doing laundry (usually 25-50 loads/night as each guests clothes are washed separately.)  She was able to obtain a new heavy duty washer/dryer from Alliance in Ripon, which has been very helpful.
Lorraine noted that she has a budget of $400,000, with $280,000 being her operating budget. The remainder will go toward the new Shelter, which is expected to be built in 2019. She said a site has been located and plans are moving forward.  She added that in excess of $30,000 has been received in donations thus far from individuals and community groups, including money, winter coats, boots, other clothed, meal gift cards, and consumable supplies such as personal toiletries.
She encouraged everyone to view the video "The Least Among Us" (produced by Michael Cooney Photography) to have a better understanding of homelessness.  It's available on the Day-by-Day
As an addendum to Lorraine's comments, School Superintendent Stan Mack shared that on average there are 10-30 homeless children attending school in the Oshkosh District each week. In an effort to provide continuity to the students' education, those students are transported from wherever they are staying (hotels, friend's homes, etc.) to the school they've been attending, with the District assuming the cost of that transport via cabs, etc. 
Bill Bracken led the Club in the Four-Way Test to close the meeting.
200 homeless 
Wellness in a Heartbeat

Fellow Club member John Fuller has offered to share some health news/information with us from time to time. This week he shares:

Rotary Wellness in a Heartbeat:  Dancing Keeps Older Brains on the Ball
Dancing can counteract age-related decline in physical and mental abilities, new research shows.
Investigators at the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases in Magdeburg, Germany, found that older people who routinely partake in physical exercise can reverse the signs of aging in the brain, but it's dancing that has the most profound effect.
"The results of our study suggest that participating in a long-term dance program that requires constant cognitive and motor learning is superior to engaging in repetitive physical exercises in inducing neuroplasticity in the brains of seniors," study author Patrick Müller, a PhD candidate at the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases, told researchers.
"Therefore, dance is highly promising in its potential to counteract age-related gray matter decline," he said.
Advantage Dance
For the study, the investigators compared an 18-month dance training program to 18 months of endurance and flexibility training in improving hippocampal volume and balance in healthy senior volunteers (aged 63 to 80 years).
The researchers studied the hippocampus (HC) because it is associated with learning, memory, and balance and also is the site of adult neuroplasticity in the brain.
Both groups showed increases in hippocampal volume. However, the dancers also showed increases in regions most strongly associated with neuroplasticity. In addition, only the dancers displayed significant improvement in balance.
The HC "is affected not only by pathological aging such as in Alzheimer's disease but also by the normal aging process resulting in deficits in memory, learning, and spatial navigation at old age," the authors write.
Although MRI studies demonstrate that the HC atrophies with each decade and that the process "accelerates in very old age," other research suggests that the HC "counts among the few brain regions with the ability to generate new neurons throughout the lifespan."
Aerobic fitness and training have been shown to improve hippocampal volume, which may contribute to better memory function. However, the mechanism of this association and the role of cardiorespiratory fitness in modulating hippocampal gray matter volume are "still under debate."
The HC is also involved in spatial navigation and motor sequence consolidation, "suggesting that motor skill learning and motor fitness can have an impact on hippocampal volume without any cardiorespiratory change," the authors note.
Previous research suggests that motor skill training and balance training can lead to "morphological alterations" in the brain and increases in hippocampal gray matter.
"These findings highlight the behavioral relevance of structural brain plasticity in the HC for the learning process," they note.
Dancing involves the "integration of sensory information from multiple channels (auditory, vestibular, visual, somatosensory)" and "fine-grained motor control of the whole body."
Mambo, Grapevine, Cha-Cha-Cha
Previous studies have provided evidence of improved performance on balance and memory tasks in elderly dancers, but the underlying neural mechanisms "have not been addressed comprehensively so far."
"We know from animal research that combining physical activity with sensory enrichment has stronger and longer-lasting effects on the brain than either treatment alone," said Müller.
The current study was designed to investigate that theory, he said, noting that it built on previous research conducted by his group suggesting that the effect is mediated by brain-derived neurotrophic factor.
The authors conducted a prospective, randomized, longitudinal trial in healthy seniors that compared a specially designed dance program that required participants to continually learn new choreography and a traditional fitness program consisting of repetitive exercises, such as cycling on an ergometer or Nordic walking.
The researchers used voxel-based morphometry to conduct whole-brain analyses in the precentral and parahippocampal gyrus. They noted that the hippocampus is not homogeneous but consists of specialized subfields, including the subiculum, cornu ammonis (CA) 1 - 4, and the dentate gyrus (DG).
They investigated these regions because the subiculum is involved in working memory and spatial relations, CA3 and DG are involved in memory and early retrieval, and CA1 is involved in late retrieval, consolidation, and recognition. Although all of these regions are interconnected, the DG is one of the few regions of the adult brain in which neurogenesis occurs.
They also assessed the effects of the interventions on balancing capabilities and their relationship to hippocampal subfield volumes, because the hippocampus is also known to be involved with balance.
The first 6 months of training consisted of twice-weekly 90-min dancing or fitness classes. From months 6 through 12, the number of sessions was reduced to one per week.
Dance classes involved constantly changing choreographies, which participants were required to memorize accurately. Single-leg stances, skips and hops, steps used in chasseé, mambo, cha-cha, grapevine, and jazz square were designed to "challenge the balance system." Also included were patterns in which participants moved their arms away from the center of pressure.
The dance group's routines in the different genres were changed every second week to keep participants engaged in a constant learning process. They were required to recall the routines under pressure of time and without cues from the instructor.
The traditional fitness-training program included mostly repetitive sequences of endurance training, strength-endurance training, and flexibility training (stretching and mobility exercises). During the first 6 months, participants engaged in a bicycle activity. During the second period of the study (12 months), the participants completed a Nordic walking program.
The researchers used MRI and voxel-based morphometry with hippocampal mask and analyzed volume changes in five subfields of the HP: the CM (CA1-CA3), DG (including CA4), and subiculum.
Thwarting a Major Health Risk
Postural control was assessed using the Sensory Organization Test, which provides information about the contribution of the visual, somatosensory, and vestibular systems in the maintenance of balance.
Of the participants, 14 members of the dance group (aged 67.21 ± 3.78 years, seven women), and 12 members of the fitness group (aged 68.67 ± 2.57 years, five women) participated for the entire 18-month study period.
There were no group differences at baseline.
To explore changes in hippocampal gray matter volume during the intervention, the researchers used repeated comparisons of baseline and posttest values. They found a significant interaction effect in the right hippocampus (MNI-coordinates: x = 28, y = −16, z D = −23; P [FDR] = 0.049, F + 17.03]). But post hoc paired t-tests showed significant increases in right hippocampal volume only in the dance group (MNI-coordinates: x = 29, y = −16, z D = −27; P [FDR] = 0.001, t = 6.10]).
There were no group differences at baseline. However, repeated measurement of hippocampal subfield volumes showed a main effect of time in the left CA1, the left CA2, the left and right subiculum, and the left CA4/DG.
Although there were no significant interactions by group, paired t -tests showed significant volume increases for the dancers in the left CA1, the left CA2, the left CA4, the DG, and the left and right subiculum. For the exercise group, volume increases were observed in the left CA1, the left CA2, and the left subiculum.
On the composite equilibrium score, repeated measurement of balance data showed an interaction effect with group. In particular, there was a "main effect of time" in the somatosensory and vestibular contribution, but no significant time × group interaction effects after 18 months of fitness training.
Post hoc tests revealed that the dancers improved in the use of the sensory, visual, and vestibular systems (P = .004, P = .027, and P = .007, respectively). The exercise group improved in the use of the somatosensory and vestibular systems (P = .006 and P = .004, respectively) but not in the visual system.
"We know from animal research that combining physical activity with sensory enrichment has stronger and longer-lasting effects on the brain than either treatment alone," Müller noted. 
"For humans, dancing has been suggested to be analogous to such training, and we presume that the advantage is related to the multimodal nature of dancing, which combines physical, cognitive, and coordinative challenges," he explained.
The authors add that balancing is "an important everyday function crucial, for example, for social mobility" and that impaired balance leads to falls, which constitute a "major health risk factor and consequences both on morbidity (and even mortality) and health care costs."
The authors note that the lack of an inactive control group, the small sample size, and the relatively small change in the overall score limit their findings.
"Promising" Evidence
Commenting on the study, Madeleine E. Hackney, PhD, assistant professor of medicine, Division of General Medicine and Geriatrics, Emory School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, said the study "provides promising initial evidence that multimodal physical activity, which is both mentally and physically challenging, may directly alter the central nervous system specifically in areas involved in memory operations."
The findings "will justify future larger trials that may or may not confirm these findings," said Dr Hackney, who was not involved with the study.
She noted study limitations beyond those cited by the authors. The control group switched from ergometer cycling during the first 6 months to the Nordic walking program during the remaining 12 months, and the cycling "would not be expected to benefit balance," although walking might have done so."
Additionally, the authors state that they "avoided combined arm and leg movement" in the control group so as to minimize coordinative demands, "but that is hard to imagine in a Nordic walking program."
Nevertheless, "the results are compelling and the methods the researchers employed seem to be vigorous," she said.
The study has important take-home messages for practicing clinicians, she emphasized.
"Exercise is good for you, and certainly traditional cardiovascular/resistance training has its place. However, dance typically will engage more cognitive resources and may be ultimately more functional because movements are trained, not just specific muscles."
Müller stressed that the study can fill an important gap in approaches to dementia prevention in that there is a "demographically induced increase in the prevalence of dementia on the one hand and a lack of causal pharmacologic therapies on the other hand." Preventing dementia by modifying lifestyle factors is therefore of increasing importance.
"Our study results suggest that 'social enrichment' and a combination of physical and cognitive activities influences neuroprotection best," he said.
He added that beyond dancing, "a healthy lifestyle and physical exercise in general can help the brain stay young."