Bulletin Editor
David Hayford
May 29, 2017
Jun 05, 2017
Evidence of Climate Change . . . .Greeter: John Schatz
Jun 12, 2017
Boy Scouts of America . . . . Greeter: Karen Schibline
Jun 19, 2017
Wright of the Fox Valley . . . . Greeter: Vicki Schroeder
Jun 26, 2017
Greeter: Gail Schwab
View entire list
Meeting Information for June 5th
John Schatz will  greet members and guests, give a reflection and lead the Pledge of Allegiance.
Patricia Hallquist will present a program on Evidence of Climate Change.
Reflection and Pledge for May 22
Michael Rust was the greeter, offered a reflection, led the Club in the Pledge of Allegiance, told a joke, and introduced guests.
Michael Rust eagerly awaiting to greet members and guests.
Guests included Robert Stauffer and Kim Johnson Thiel from Southwest, our Leadership Oshkosh rep Brandyy Hankey. Zach Pawlosky introduced a new member of his team at Candeo Creative - Gus Lopez.
Zach P and guest, Gus Lopez
Robert was not in attendance, so no report on his weekend.
Raffle Drawing. Dave Sennholz announced there was $185 in the pot, with $92 going to the winner. The winner, for about the 4th straight month - John Fuller. He is now officially the "new Dave Sennholz.
Happy winner. John generously donated half of his winnings back to the Club.
No meeting on May 29, in observance of Memorial Day. Please remember the reason we observe this holiday.
Shared Harvest is set for volunteers for the first few weeks we are responsible for it.
Blood Drive June 5 at Algoma Boulevard United Methodist Church.
The July 3rd meeting will be held at the newly re-modeled downtown YMCA.
The Club's date for the Waterfest fundraiser is August 10th. Be prepared to volunteer and help out, and have a lot of fun.
Wisconsin's Best Ribfest is scheduled again for Labor Day weekend. September 1st - 4th. It is a joint fundraiser of all three Oshkosh Rotary Clubs. Proceeds will go to re-building "Little Oshkosh" playground in Menomonee Park. Volunteers will be needed. Plan to help out, so we can be even more successful than last year.
Two host families have been lined up for our incoming exchange student - a young man from Germany. One more is needed.
Brad Hunter discussing incoming exchange student

Happy Dollars
Happy Dollars collected during President Lori Renning's year will be directed toward the YMCA's program Safety City, offering 30 to 40 scholarships to local children to attend this camp, which provides a wide variety of safety training geared toward younger children, including bike helmets, stranger danger training, an opportunity to meet local policemen and firemen. Our Club will work with the Christine Anne Center, the Boys and Girls Club, and Parent Central to choose children for the scholarships.

Sue Panek announced that the United Way Golf Outing will be June 14th. She has raffle tickets for a plethora of great prizes.
Tom McDermott was happy because he and his wife spent time in Chicago with two sons. And there was a trip to D.C. My notes say it had something to do with the Coast Guard. But I am not sure. Perhaps Tom can clarify at the next meeting - and offer another happy dollar.
Tom Blaze was happy because his daughter won first in her class at the recent Green Bay Marathon. I believe he said the time was 3 hours, 20 minutes.
Bill Zorr donated because he is happy to be home after his winter in Texas. Though he would prefer a little warmer weather.
Finally, President Lori announced that her daughter won 16 first places competing for Julie's Touch of Silver. But was upset because of the one 2nd place she won.
At some point in the meeting, Leadership Oshkosh rep Brandy announced this is her final meeting for a while. The LO year has ended. Brandy is pregnant with her first child. BUt she promised to return in the fall with baby.
Brandy thanked the Club for the opportunity to attend meetings, get to know us, and participate in Board meetings. She also mentioned that, in discussion with fellow LO participants, our Board was very well organized and efficient.
Program for May 22
Tom Harenburg introduced speaker Chad Dallman, Assistant Dirsctor of Oshkosh Parks. Chad discussed the Zoo Master Plan.
The work on the new plan began in 2014, with input from the Advisory Parks Board and Zoo Board.
Primary objectives developed include:
1. Expand quality and quantity of animal exhibits
2. Provide more educational opportunities
3. Promote Conservation
4. Develop the Zoo to be a regional attraction.
Funding for the Zoo comes from the Zoological Society, Community Foundation, and generous contributions from Tom and Penny Harenburg. Tom and Penny contribute to the elk exhibit, but also donate operational funds to allow the Zoo to operate without charging admission. I have enjoyed that many times in recent years with my young grandsons. Thanks so much to Tom and Penny!
The Zoo opened in 1945. It covers 8.3 acres, including the pond. There are about 100,000 visitors per year.
Next big project is an eagle exhibit, which they hop to open for the 2018 season. $150,000 will be required, with the City supplying half.
The entire Master Plan can be seen on the City's website. Worth checking out.
Thanks, Chad.
Tom McDermott led the Club in reciting the 4-Way Test to end the meeting.
Wellness in a Heartbeat

Fellow Club member John Fuller has offered to share some health news/information with us from time to time. This week he shares:

Rotary Wellness in a Heartbeat:  The Connection Between Salt and Weight
Conventional wisdom has long held that salty foods boost our thirst and lead us to drink more water. But can salt also lead us to eat more, as well?
Researchers have begun to explore salt’s previously unknown role in hunger and weight gain. Several recent studies shed light on why salt may encourage us to overeat.
“Until now, we have always focused on the effect of salt on blood pressure,” says Jens Titze, MD, associate professor of medicine and of molecular physiology and biophysics at Vanderbilt University in Nashville. “We have to expand our conceptions of salt and diet.”
Salt and Space
Titze was the lead researcher on a new study challenging the notion that salty foods make us thirsty. Instead, he found that people who eat high amounts of salt actually drink less water than those who have smaller amounts of salt in their diet. They also become hungrier. Over the long term, that boost in appetite could lead us to overeat and gain weight.
For the study, published last month, Titze and his colleagues gained access to a unique group of subjects: Ten Russian astronauts -- or cosmonauts -- preparing for the rigors of space travel to Mars. The space flight simulation, which lasted for months, provided a stable environment for the researchers to study how salt affected them.
Throughout the study, the cosmonauts' diet did not vary except in one key way: The researchers changed the amount of salt in their food. The study subjects began on a diet that included 12 grams of salt per day. That’s about twice the amount recommended by U.S. dietary guidelines. After several weeks, researchers reduced their salt to 9 grams per day. The cosmonauts ate 6 grams of salt daily during the final third of the study period.
What happened over the course of the study upended the researchers’ expectations: The cosmonauts drank more water as their salt intake dropped.
“We simply could not understand it,” says Titze.
Titze describes another surprise. The cosmonauts complained of hunger while on the high-salt diet.
“We said you can’t be hungry, you’re getting the same amount of food,” says Titze. “The only thing that’s changed is the amount of salt.”
Salt and Our Health
Sodium, the main ingredient in salt, is an essential part of our diet, and not just for flavor. It keeps our muscles and nerves working properly, and it helps our bodies maintain the proper balance of fluids.
But when sodium levels rise too high, blood pressure often goes up as well. Over time, high blood pressure can have serious, life-threatening consequences. It can lead to stroke, heart attack, kidney disease, and other health problems.
To protect against high blood pressure, U.S. dietary guidelines recommend that we get less than 2,300 milligrams of sodium per day. That’s about a teaspoon of salt. According to the American Heart Association, the ideal target for most adults is no more than 1,500 milligrams daily.
Most adults, however, get far too much. The CDC estimates that the average American adult eats 3,400 grams every day.
In the last several years, scientists have begun to investigate whether salt affects obesity. Here’s what they have found:
  • In 2015, British and Chinese researchers reported that body fat increased for children and adults on high-salt diets. Eating an extra gram of salt each day increased the risk of obesity in children by 28% and in adults by 26%. The study authors said they don’t know why salt has this effect, but other studies suggest that it may change the way our bodies burn fat.
  • An Australian study published last year linked high-salt diets with a 23% increased chance of obesity in schoolchildren. Those children may eat more because the salt makes the food taste good, the authors suggest. They also speculate that when they get thirsty after a salty meal, the children reach for easily available high-calorie sodas.
  • Another Australian study from 2016, led by Russell Keast, PhD, tied salt to an 11% rise in the amount of food and calories that adults take in. The authors say salt improves the flavor, and that likely tempts people to eat more.
Keast, a professor of food science and head of the Centre for Advanced Sensory Science at Deakin University said in an email that he believes salt encourages people to eat more.
While these studies show a link between salt and body fat, increased eating, and obesity, they don’t show that salt makes any of those things happen. More research needs to be done to fully understand salt’s role.
Lori Roman, president of the Salt Institute, said in an email that her nonprofit trade group “continues to follow the science closely as it develops.”
She says research shows that cattle ranchers use salt to cut their animals' appetites and limit how much feed they eat.
“This longstanding research and other research on humans would lead us to question any claims that salt might increase obesity,” Roman wrote. She added that Americans eat in the “normal range” when it comes to salt.
Salt and Mice
In the space flight simulation study, the authors did not understand why the cosmonauts drank less and became hungrier on the higher-salt diet, so they turned to mice to find out. This study revealed that when mice ate a high-salt diet, their livers produced a substance called urea, which helps keep the body's water in balance. But producing urea requires lots of energy, says Titze. In other words, it requires food, specifically protein. And that need could be what caused the astronauts’ hunger.
“The fact that they didn’t drink more but wanted to eat more was interesting,” says Vijaya Surampudi, MD, assistant professor of medicine and assistant director of the Weight Management Program at UCLA. “It means that there are mechanisms at work that we don’t yet understand.”
Mark Zeidel, MD, says the study raises important new questions and may shed light on what drives our appetites.
“What this study makes clear is that we need to better understand how things like appetite and thirst are controlled,” says Zeidel, a professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School and chairman of medicine at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston.
“The control of appetite is very, very complex.”
Future research will tell more about Titze's findings. In the meantime, Titze offers this advice: “If you’re on a diet and trying to reduce the amount of food you eat but you always feel hungry, start thinking of salt. Perhaps reducing it may help you.”
Cut Salt in Your Diet
Lowering how much salt you eat can be tough, says Lauren Blake, a registered dietitian at Ohio State University’s Wexner Medical Center. Here are her tips:
  • Focus on whole foods and prepare them at home. Processed foods and restaurant meals have lots of added salt.
  • Go easy on condiments like salad dressing, ketchup and soy sauce, which are loaded with sodium.
  • Cut back on salt gradually so your taste buds can adapt. If you go cold turkey, your food will taste bland and unappetizing.
  • Season your food with fresh or dry herbs, like garlic and black pepper. The more flavor you add, the less salt you’ll need.
  • Try your food before you grab the saltshaker. You may not need to add more.