Bulletin Editor
Mary Jones
May 22, 2017
Menominee Park and Zoo . . . . Greeter: Michael Rust
May 29, 2017
Jun 05, 2017
Evidence of Climate Change . . . .Greeter: John Schatz
Jun 12, 2017
Boy Scouts of America . . . . Greeter: Karen Schibline
Jun 19, 2017
Wright of the Fox Valley . . . . Greeter: Vicki Schroeder
Jun 26, 2017
Greeter: Gail Schwab
View entire list
Meeting Information for Monday, May 22, 2017
Michael Rust will greet members and guests, give a reflection, and lead the Pledge of Allegiance.
Ray Maurer will present a program on the Menominee Park and Zoo.
Reflection and Pledge for May 15, 2017
Mark Rohloff greeted members and guests and led the Club in a reflection and Pledge of Allegiance.
Mark greets Sheriff John Matz
Michael Rust introduced the day's guests and offered the day's joke:  How do trees feel in springtime?  Releaved!
Guests included:  Craig Burnett and Bob Stauffer (Southwest Rotary); Suzie Klein (wife and guest of Jack Klein).
Michael Rust
RYE student Robert reported that he's been helping his host family with creating a new garden, hauling heavy bricks.  He also mowed the grass again and made another $20. He went boating on Sunday with his host family and they visited Menominee Park and the zoo. He thought about jumping into the lake, but decided it was still too cold.  On Monday, he was going to another Timber Rattler's ball game.
Christy Marquardt said the monthly raffle stands at $125, with the drawing to be held next Monday, May 22, as there will be no meeting on Memorial Day.
Marj Griffing presented a Rotary banner to President Lori Renning. Marj recently attended a Rotary Club meeting at Rotary Haarlemmermeer Schiphol, based near Amsterdam's Schiopol Airport.  That club was working on a fundraiser to assist the elderly, specifically to assist them with feelings of loneliness and disconnectedness.  She said she again came away feeling people all over the world are much more the same than they are different.
Marj Griffing
News You Need to Know; This Week's Announcements
Busy week!
Computer Assistance Needed -- John Schatz needs helpers to set up the computer equipment needed for each Monday's meeting.  John has been doing the duty for several years and would like to organize a group of volunteers who can take turns doing the job.
Host Family for German RYE student -- Our Club is looking for a host family for next year's RYE student who will be coming from Germany. He is interested in law enforcement. He will be arriving in August.
Wisconsin's Best Rib Fest -- The committee was meeting on Monday, but President Lori reminded members the Fest is set for September 1-4, and everyone's help will be needed as it's a busy weekend.
Board of Directors -- Our Club's Board of Directors meet on Tuesday morning, for the regular monthly meeting.
No Meeting on Memorial Day -- There will be no meeting on Monday, May 29, for the Memorial Day Holiday.
Flower Sale -- Our Club's annual flower sale concluded last week.  All the plants were sold.  President Lori thanked all those members who sold several flowers -- unfortunately, I didn't catch all their names.
Shared Harvest -- Mike Audit announced that our Club's Shared Harvest duty will begin on Saturday, June 3, and will alternate every Saturday with Southwest Rotary.  The duty requires members to arrive at the Farmer's Market office by 11:30 to begin the rounds to collect produce from the various market stands.  Typically takes about an hour to complete, so most people are done by 12:30. Our Club will be responsible for 11 dates this summer/fall.
Mike Audit
Blood Drive -- The next American Red Cross Blood Drive will be Monday, June 5, at the Algoma Blvd.  United Methodist Church.
Traveling Meeting at the Downtown YMCA -- Our July 3rd meeting will be held at the newly renovated Downtown YMCA.
EAA Week Rotary Meeting -- During EAA AirVenture Oshkosh, there will be no meeting on Monday, July 24; instead a Roundtable gathering will be held at the Best Western.  On Wednesday noon, July 26, the three Oshkosh Rotary Clubs will host the annual Rotary International Luncheon at the Nature Center at EAA, with Rotarians from all over the world attending.  In the past, EAA has allowed Rotary to use the Nature Center Pavilion at no cost, tho' they could rent it easily.  In lieu of charging Rotary, EAA is asking the Oshkosh Rotary clubs to provide volunteers on two occasions:  1) on a weekend prior to AirVenture to help with event set up (20 people); and 2) On Thursday evening, July 27, to assist at the Gathering of Eagles event, a dinner/auction that raises funds to support the EAA Young Eagles Program (free airplane rides for kids ages 8-17 throughout the world). Also 20 people needed.
Rotary Brewers/Cubs game -- is Saturday, July 29. More info is available on the District website:
Rotary Tree Project -- The three Rotary Clubs of Oshkosh are working on a tree-planting project, to be completed by Arbor Day, April 22, 2018. More info to come.
Waterfest -- Our Rotary Club's volunteer date to serve food/refreshments is currently set for Thursday, August 10 -- tho it is subject to change. The band that evening is the BoDeans, a very popular draw so it will be a busy night!
Happy $$ for May 15, 2017
Happy Dollars collected during President Lori Renning's year will be directed toward the YMCA's program Safety City, offering 30 to 40 scholarships to local children to attend this camp, which provides a wide variety of safety training geared toward younger children, including bike helmets, stranger danger training, an opportunity to meet local policemen and firemen. Our Club will work with the Christine Anne Center, the Boys and Girls Club, and Parent Central to choose children for the scholarships.
Gordon Hintz -- was happy to announce the birth of their daughters, Beatrice Francis Hintz. 
Tom Willadsen -- was impressed with Gordon's composure at a recent opening for the Silent Samaritan Center in Neenah when the emcee introduced him as Republican Gordon Hintz instead of Representative Gordon Hintz -- confusing what "Rep" means.
Karen Schibline -- Offered a $1 as she visited with Bob Bruce last week. She reported Bob's wife is now at Bethel Home and probably won't be returning home.  Bruce had a health scare recently but is doing fine now.
Brad Hunter -- offered a thank you to Bill Kohl for delivering Brad's Flower Sale flowers as Brad was too busy to leave his office.
Dick Campbell -- offered a $25 check he received as an honorarium for a recent history talk he gave in West Bend, WI.
Mike Audit -- offered $5 as 5 people had already signed up for Shared Harvest Duty.
Program for May 15, 2017
President Lori introduced Don Hazaert from the Oshkosh Salvation Army Office to provide an update on that organization's activities.
Don Hazaert
Don told the group that the Salvation Army (SA) is the second largest non-profit agency provide aid to those in need.  It is the largest non-governmental service provider for those in need, and it is the largest provide of aid to children in the U.S.
The SA's focus is to provide for human needs "where we find it and how we find it."  He said the SA assesses the local needs in each community and responds to those needs not being served.  For example, he noted that Father Carr's Place to Be and the Day-by-Day Warming Shelter provide shelter for homeless people here in Oshkosh, so the SA does not address that need, but rather focuses on other needs.
There is an Salvation Army Corps for every zip code in the United States, though some Corps may serve more than one zip code.
.82 cents of every dollar given to the Salvation Army goes to direct services to the needy.
Economist Peter Drucker has identified the Salvation Army as the most efficient organization in America.
The SA recorded 14,000 volunteer hours of service in Oshkosh in the past year.
The Salvation Army Food Pantry is used by 1 out of 10 families in Oshkosh at some point in the year.
The SA's Community Meal Program serves an average of 50,000 meals each year.  There are no requirements to participate -- you just need to be in need of food.
The Oshkosh Salvation Army Corps also manages the annual Toys for Tots campaign, the Coats for Kids campaign, and provides rides for veterans to the Veterans Clinic in Appleton.
The Oshkosh SA office has two state-licensed social services agents to assist those in need.
A new fundraiser is being introduced by the SA in Oshkosh this year -- the Pedal Out Hunger Ride.  It will be held on June 17.  Anyone can assist by riding, donating, or sponsoring the event.  100% of the proceeds will go to the SA's food programs.
The Oshkosh SA is in a "quiet campaign" to begin raising money ($5 million in endowments) to build a new facility. It has purchased the properties adjoining its current location and is developing plans for the site. Gettler & Associates will lead the capital campaign. The old headquarters will be torn down and that area will become the parking lot for the new facility, which will be two story
The current drawing of the proposed new Salvation Army headquarters
Wellness in a Heartbeat

Fellow Club member John Fuller has offered to share some health news/information with us from time to time. This week he shares:

Rotary Wellness in a Heartbeat:  The Connection Between Salt and Weight
Conventional wisdom has long held that salty foods boost our thirst and lead us to drink more water. But can salt also lead us to eat more, as well?
Researchers have begun to explore salt’s previously unknown role in hunger and weight gain. Several recent studies shed light on why salt may encourage us to overeat.
“Until now, we have always focused on the effect of salt on blood pressure,” says Jens Titze, MD, associate professor of medicine and of molecular physiology and biophysics at Vanderbilt University in Nashville. “We have to expand our conceptions of salt and diet.”
Salt and Space
Titze was the lead researcher on a new study challenging the notion that salty foods make us thirsty. Instead, he found that people who eat high amounts of salt actually drink less water than those who have smaller amounts of salt in their diet. They also become hungrier. Over the long term, that boost in appetite could lead us to overeat and gain weight.
For the study, published last month, Titze and his colleagues gained access to a unique group of subjects: Ten Russian astronauts -- or cosmonauts -- preparing for the rigors of space travel to Mars. The space flight simulation, which lasted for months, provided a stable environment for the researchers to study how salt affected them.
Throughout the study, the cosmonauts' diet did not vary except in one key way: The researchers changed the amount of salt in their food. The study subjects began on a diet that included 12 grams of salt per day. That’s about twice the amount recommended by U.S. dietary guidelines. After several weeks, researchers reduced their salt to 9 grams per day. The cosmonauts ate 6 grams of salt daily during the final third of the study period.
What happened over the course of the study upended the researchers’ expectations: The cosmonauts drank more water as their salt intake dropped.
“We simply could not understand it,” says Titze.
Titze describes another surprise. The cosmonauts complained of hunger while on the high-salt diet.
“We said you can’t be hungry, you’re getting the same amount of food,” says Titze. “The only thing that’s changed is the amount of salt.”
Salt and Our Health
Sodium, the main ingredient in salt, is an essential part of our diet, and not just for flavor. It keeps our muscles and nerves working properly, and it helps our bodies maintain the proper balance of fluids.
But when sodium levels rise too high, blood pressure often goes up as well. Over time, high blood pressure can have serious, life-threatening consequences. It can lead to stroke, heart attack, kidney disease, and other health problems.
To protect against high blood pressure, U.S. dietary guidelines recommend that we get less than 2,300 milligrams of sodium per day. That’s about a teaspoon of salt. According to the American Heart Association, the ideal target for most adults is no more than 1,500 milligrams daily.
Most adults, however, get far too much. The CDC estimates that the average American adult eats 3,400 grams every day.
In the last several years, scientists have begun to investigate whether salt affects obesity. Here’s what they have found:
  • In 2015, British and Chinese researchers reported that body fat increased for children and adults on high-salt diets. Eating an extra gram of salt each day increased the risk of obesity in children by 28% and in adults by 26%. The study authors said they don’t know why salt has this effect, but other studies suggest that it may change the way our bodies burn fat.
  • An Australian study published last year linked high-salt diets with a 23% increased chance of obesity in schoolchildren. Those children may eat more because the salt makes the food taste good, the authors suggest. They also speculate that when they get thirsty after a salty meal, the children reach for easily available high-calorie sodas.
  • Another Australian study from 2016, led by Russell Keast, PhD, tied salt to an 11% rise in the amount of food and calories that adults take in. The authors say salt improves the flavor, and that likely tempts people to eat more.
Keast, a professor of food science and head of the Centre for Advanced Sensory Science at Deakin University said in an email that he believes salt encourages people to eat more.
While these studies show a link between salt and body fat, increased eating, and obesity, they don’t show that salt makes any of those things happen. More research needs to be done to fully understand salt’s role.
Lori Roman, president of the Salt Institute, said in an email that her nonprofit trade group “continues to follow the science closely as it develops.”
She says research shows that cattle ranchers use salt to cut their animals' appetites and limit how much feed they eat.
“This longstanding research and other research on humans would lead us to question any claims that salt might increase obesity,” Roman wrote. She added that Americans eat in the “normal range” when it comes to salt.
Salt and Mice
In the space flight simulation study, the authors did not understand why the cosmonauts drank less and became hungrier on the higher-salt diet, so they turned to mice to find out. This study revealed that when mice ate a high-salt diet, their livers produced a substance called urea, which helps keep the body's water in balance. But producing urea requires lots of energy, says Titze. In other words, it requires food, specifically protein. And that need could be what caused the astronauts’ hunger.
“The fact that they didn’t drink more but wanted to eat more was interesting,” says Vijaya Surampudi, MD, assistant professor of medicine and assistant director of the Weight Management Program at UCLA. “It means that there are mechanisms at work that we don’t yet understand.”
Mark Zeidel, MD, says the study raises important new questions and may shed light on what drives our appetites.
“What this study makes clear is that we need to better understand how things like appetite and thirst are controlled,” says Zeidel, a professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School and chairman of medicine at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston.
“The control of appetite is very, very complex.”
Future research will tell more about Titze's findings. In the meantime, Titze offers this advice: “If you’re on a diet and trying to reduce the amount of food you eat but you always feel hungry, start thinking of salt. Perhaps reducing it may help you.”
Cut Salt in Your Diet
Lowering how much salt you eat can be tough, says Lauren Blake, a registered dietitian at Ohio State University’s Wexner Medical Center. Here are her tips:
  • Focus on whole foods and prepare them at home. Processed foods and restaurant meals have lots of added salt.
  • Go easy on condiments like salad dressing, ketchup and soy sauce, which are loaded with sodium.
  • Cut back on salt gradually so your taste buds can adapt. If you go cold turkey, your food will taste bland and unappetizing.
  • Season your food with fresh or dry herbs, like garlic and black pepper. The more flavor you add, the less salt you’ll need.
  • Try your food before you grab the saltshaker. You may not need to add more.